This article is another addition to the "moving to Germany" series. I am a Canadian who has been living in Germany for the past two years, and this is how I converted my Canadian driver license to a German driver license.
Who can drive in Germany?
German driving license classes
- Klasse A: Motorcycles
- Klasse A unrestricted: Includes A1, A2 and AM. Available from age 24.
- Klasse A1: Motorcycles of up to 125 cc and 11 kW (~15 HP). Available from age 16.
- Klasse A2: Motorcycles of up to 35 kW (~46 HP). Available from age 18.
- Klasse AM: Motorcycles of up to 50 cc and 4 kW (~5 HP), with a speed limit of 45 km/h. Available from age 16.
- Mofa: Mopeds up to 50 cc with a speed limit of 25 km/h. Available from age 15.
- Klasse B: Motor vehicles excluding motorcycles, up to 3.5 tons, plus trailers up to 750kg.
- Klasse C: Motor vehicles exceeding 3.5 tons, plus trailers up to 750kg.
- Klasse CE: Motor vehicles exceeding 3.5 tons, plus trailers exceeding 750kg.
Converting a Canadian permit to a German one
After 6 months in Germany, you will need to convert your Canadian license to a German one to be allowed to drive there.
Fortunately, you will not need to take any extra classes to get a German driver license. This official document explains the details better than any other source, so I will direct you to it. Here is a copy in case it disappears.
As highlighted in the document, you will need to book an appointment at your local Bürgeramt for a license transfer (Fahrerlaubnis Umschreibung). Here is the appointment booking page for Berlin. In Berlin, the nearest appointment is around a month later, so make sure you have all the required documents, including cash for the fees before going to your appointment. You can allegedly get an earlier appointment by visiting the booking page between 8 and 9 AM .
The appointment itself only takes a few minutes, and will cost you about 35 euros . The Bürgeramt will send your documents to the Fahrerlaubnisbehörde, which will verify them with the Canadian embassy.
A few weeks later, you will get a letter telling you to pick up your license from the Fahrerlaubnisbehörde. The pickup process is straightforward: you show up, take a number, wait in line, and pick up your license. There are no documents to fill, and it takes about 30 minutes in total.
"6 to 8 weeks"
The prescribed 6 week wait time to exchange a driver's license is reportedly optimistic, if not flat out wrong. Various sources say it took them 9 to 12 weeks to get their license, and some claim it took over 4 months! [1, 2] In any case, expect a long, frustrating bureaucratic experience. It's the German way!
After 8 weeks without updates, call your local Fahrerlaubnisbehörde to inquire about your case. It's possible that they already have the license, but forgot to tell you to come pick it up [1, 2]. An enterprising Canadian got his license faster by having the Canadian embassy tell the Fahrerlaubnisbehörde to hurry up . You can also allegedly ask for a temporary license while your license is processed .